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Glossary

 

Intragastric Balloon


The Intragastric Balloon is indicated for patients who are moderately, severely or morbidly obese and have lost weight consistently with other programmes. Intragastric Balloon is an extraordinarily effective procedure and incorporates a programme to modify dietary behaviour whilst under supervision by a professional team. The key to success in this case is a follow up programme the patient is willing to keep to after the balloon placement.

 

The Intragastric Balloon is a soft silicone balloon that is inserted in the stomach and is filled up with a sterile solution. The balloon gives you a feeling of satiation, so it should be easier to change eating habits and as a consequence, lose weight.

How is the Balloon inserted?
Intragastric BalloonIntragastric Balloon is a silicone balloon that is endoscopically inserted into the stomach through the mouth. An initial endoscopy of the oesophagus, stomach, and first part of the duodenum is carried out to ensure there is no abnormality. Afterwards the Intragastric Balloon is placed in the stomach and filled with a blue solution, so if there is a leak the patient's urine will be dyed a greenish blue colour approximately 60 minutes after the leak. The Intragastric Balloon can be blown up to a volume between 400 and 700 cubic centimetres. This is decided during insertion depending on how overweight the patient is and the size of the stomach.

During its insertion, a local anaesthetic is applied to the throat, and muscle relaxants are taken to facilitate the procedure and minimise the patient's discomfort.

The doctor fills the balloon with a catheter that seals hermetically once it is extracted. The insertion lasts about 20 or 30 minutes, although it may exceptionally last longer.

The Intragastric Balloon can be used for six months. It is not recommendable to use it for longer as the stomach's gastric juices can weaken the stomach's wall. If the patient's tolerance to the balloon has been good and there are no gastric injuries, a new one can be placed after extraction of the existing one.

The extraction process is similar to the insertion process, except that the content of the balloon is sucked up and the wrinkled balloon is taken out through the mouth.

These procedures can be filmed for training or scientific purposes, whilst always guaranteeing the patient's privacy.

What Problems can the Intragastric Balloon Cause?
As with all medical procedures, there is a chance of unforeseen reactions to medical products, procedures or materials used. This varies depending on the person. It is quite probable there will be certain discomfort such as cramp, nausea and vomiting. In this case, it is important to follow your doctor's orders.

Is the Intragastric Balloon for You?
To qualify for the Intragastric balloon you must:
    • Be at least 18 years old
    • Be at least 30 kilos overweight
    • Be ready to follow a supervised medical treatment
There may be additional medical reasons why you may not be able to undergo the intragastric balloon treatment, so please, always consult your doctor.



 



 

 
 
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